China Song Dynasty murals<Donors>in Kaihua Temple, Shanxi
[Hanfu · 漢服]China Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD) Chinese Traditional Clothing Hanfu & Hairstyle Based On Kaihua Temple Mural
Ladies’ attire in the middle-late Northern Song Dynasty Period
Among the images of many Donors in Kaihua Temple, in addition to the female wearing a crown, there is also a kind of attire with a “knot” hairstyle and a kilt skirt.
This kind of clothing is a long outer gown that often matches with one short and one long, and waer with multiple layers, and the layers of clothing are show at the neckline.
In the murals of Kaihua Temple, there is also a design of a long gown covered with plain gauze, which makes it feel like a person is standing in the smoke. Walking and standing just like a fairy, which can also set off the transparency of the makeup.
Another type of Song Dynasty attire from the same period of Kaihua Temple Mural：
i learned of “Box beds” – cabinets with beds in them and, sometimes, lockable doors – were used for privacy and safety in parts of rural medieval Europe before individual bedrooms were common. They became fashionable even in homes with bedrooms and remained in use in Scotland into the 1900s (x)
The creature referred to in Chinese as lóng and in Mongol as lū appears on the Chinese twelve-year zodiac as the year of the dragon. When the eastern zodiac tradition was brought to Iran by the Mongol conquest in the 1200s, this zodiac animal’s name was translated into Persian as nahang. Nahang was used to describe to dangerous water beasts whether they be real (crocodiles, hippos, sharks) or mythological (dragons, sea serpents, etc.)
In the 1900s the word “nahang” shifted meaning to specifically refer to cetaceans (whales, porpoises, dolphins). And that is how the Chinese year of the dragon is the Persian year of the whale!
A segment of the Qinqiang opera (奏腔; Chinese opera style in northwest China) performance of 杨家将/Yang Jia Jiang (Yang Saga). The saga follows the story of a family of heroic warriors, thus many of the actors in the scene are dressed as 武/wu (martial) characters.
[Hanfu · 漢服]Chinese Five Dynasties And Ten Kingdoms Period Traditional Clothing Hanfu Based On Paining <簪花仕女图/Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers>
The age of creation of <簪花仕女图/Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers> has been disputed among historical research scholars.
However, according to recent research and the excavation of more cultural relics from the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, it has gradually been proved that this painting is more in line with the hairstyle and the clothes worn by court women during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
In particular, the towering hairstyle is very consistent with the description of noble women during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. Similar female figurines were also unearthed from Tomb of the Empress of Min Kingdom (闽国) Liu Hua (Wang Yanjun’s wife) during the same period：