thoughtportal · 1 day
start showing up to your local city and county planning and zoning meetings and demand this. HOA meetings too.
40 notes · View notes
oceancoresunset · 9 months
I love you salt water I love you open ocean I love you seaweed I love you microorganisms I love you sting-Ray shuffle I love you tides I love you shells I love you sea sponges I love you sea squirts I love you crabs I love you natural protected dunes I love you sea turtle nest protection I love you mollusks I love you barnacles I love you I love you I love you
7K notes · View notes
davidstortebeker · 19 days
The Permaculture Spiral Garden - A Great Starting Point
There is probably no other structure as popular for illustrating Permaculture in practice as the Herb Spiral. Okay, I guess I could mention the lasagna sheetmulching method or also the cob oven that tends to be the first hands-on project at a typical Permie intro session. But when it comes to showing how landscape design, zones and sectors, stacking functions, and efficient use of space and water come together in one unique structure, the Spiral Garden is unbeatable.
Tumblr media
Turning Theory into Practice
In typical Permaculture Designer Certificate courses, but even in brief intro weekends to Permaculture, there tends to be a lot of theoretical discussions. Since the numerous design principles can be applied to any climatic region, from the tropical to the subarctic, and on any scale from the humongous to the tiny, the practical aspects of the ideas can easily get lost. That's where a good hands-on application comes, where the participants get to move around rocks and dirt, while realizing how much it ties in to the concepts they've just discussed. This way the apparent "main purpose" of "building something to grow all your kitchen herbs on", becomes a neat side feature.
Tumblr media
Adjust Your Landscape!
The first thing to realize that landscape is welcome to be modified and adjusted to bring out the best in it. Clearly, while it is important to work with what's there already, it doesn't hurt think about mounds and valleys. And before you bring out the excavators for your large-scale farm, it makes sense to start small… say on a circle of 2-5 meters (6-16 feet) diameter. In other words, the Spiral Garden is a hill with a spiral shaped surface, leading down to ground level, or further down into a water hole. It can be made out of rocks, bricks, concrete debris, or anything else you have lying around that can hold your soil.
Tumblr media
Design According to Your Scale
Looking around for existing Herb Spirals it's easy to get confused. Some are so big you can actually climb on them (that is, you have to in order to reach what's growing on top). Others are so tiny that you may not even want to step on them. The question is: which size is the right one for you? Since this is something you will have to decide almost daily in Permaculture, it doesn't hurt starting out with this important question.
Tumblr media
Organizing Your Spiral Garden
While there are seemingly endless types of Spiral Gardens, there are a few things they all have in common: They all start out with a region on the top, where water is bound to run off right away, leaving the soil relatively dry. This area is also the most exposed to the wind. Keep this in mind when choosing the plants that are going to live here. Ideally, the spiral should start sloping toward the East from here. Delicate plants that benefit greatly from the morning sun will appreciate this region. As the slope continues toward the South and West, it becomes more suitable for sun loving species. Finally, as the spiral reaches the ground level in the shady Northern part, it will be perfect for herbs that prefer less sun, more shade and more water, since the soil tends to be wetter here. (Note: This is for the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere North and South are reversed.) To make full use of the runoff water, many people add a small pond at the base of the spiral, where additional aquatic plants, such as watercress, can be grown.
Tumblr media
The given illustration offers a good number of herbs for a nicely diverse kitchen. Depending on what else you want in your Herb Spiral, you can add it in the most suitable region. Mint and lemon balm love the cooler, shady part with more water. Lemongrass is great in the sunny area, and tarragon and estragon prefer the dry top of the spiral. Of course, the idea is not limited to kitchen herbs. For maximalists, the same theory can work with a mountain you might want to terraform into a spiral farm. But right now I'd prefer to stay small scale.
Tumblr media
Plenty of Benefits (That's Why It's Permaculture)
As explained above, the main purpose of the Spiral Garden is not only to increase your gardening area by making use of the vertical, but also to create diverse climatic conditions, which do make a difference on the smallest scale. But as Permaculture tends to be, there are many other benefits to it. The structure itself offers great habitat for numerous animals, such as frogs, salamanders, lizards, but also pollinating insects, and of course others that may not directly benefit us, but by feeding on others they all add to the stability of our ecosystem. The structure itself will suppress weeds and make use of material that you're not likely to use elsewhere. Finally, depending on the size and location, it will be an ideal place to grow all your kitchen herbs right where you can access them most easily.
Tumblr media
Some Things to Keep in Mind
When building the structure, make sure it will contain the soil in a nice trough, slanting slightly inward. That way bits and pieces that fall off will roll towards the center, until contained by the main mound.
Make sure the slope is always nice and gradual, avoiding sudden drops where the water can rush down quickly, eroding the soil.
If you're going to walk on your spiral, include a separate walkway that won't compress good soil. Most importantly, it should be sturdy enough to provide stability and make access safe.
Don't forget that while the structure is important to keep the soil in place, it is the soil that you'll be growing plants in. So it should have a good depth of 20-50 cm (8-20 inches) throughout the entire spiral. This can be the trickiest part!
Apply your own observation to which plants do better in which parts of the spiral. Also, with time you will find many other plants growing in it that you didn't plant. Before removing them, consider how much they actually bother your herbs, and whether their benefits may not outweigh their drawbacks.
Go Out and Build Your Own!
I hope this brief overview got you inspired to go out and try building an Herb Spiral yourself! I would love to hear your experiences with it!
Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4
2K notes · View notes
schmergo · 2 years
 Swamps get a bad rap. People think of ‘swamps’ as the most ugly, mucky, gross place to be (heck, Shrek lives in one), but the word ‘swamp’ merely means a forested wetland. What are two of the most popular destinations for nature walks? Forests and wetlands, baby! Swamps are gorgeous and super vital to the ecosystem!
This beautiful destination is the Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia:
Tumblr media
Ever heard of the “Great Dismal Swamp” in Virginia? Do you imagine the most depressing, gross, scary place you’ve ever seen? It might look a bit haunting, but look how gorgeous the Great Dismal Swamp can be:
Tumblr media Tumblr media
Oh yeah, did I mention that swamps are unbelievably rich in wildlife and rare plant species? For example, the Great Dismal Swamp has over 200 species of birds, over 70 species of reptiles and amphibians, and booming mammal populations (you’re very likely to see black bears and otters, for example). That doesn’t sound so dismal to me.
Speaking of wildlife, the Pantanal swamps in Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia are home to some rare and gorgeous animals like jaguars, hyacinth macaws, capybaras, caiman, giant otters, maned wolves, and more.
Tumblr media Tumblr media
It’s easy to understand why swamps might get a bad reputation. They’re hard to travel on foot (many swamps now have boardwalk trails and canoe tours), and the stagnant water can smell bad and give a home to many bugs, which spread diseases. Cool animals like crocodiles and jaguars are bad news if you’re lost in the swamp and come face to face with one. But swamps are super important to the planet and are often way more beautiful than what you may be picturing! 
One cool thing swamps do is absorb excess water like sponges so the surrounding areas don’t get badly flooded. In addition to the many animals that live in swamps, swamp plants often have medicinal value or other practical purposes. And despite their reputation for being dirty, swamps actually purify water because their thick plant growth and soil absorb impurities in the water!
Anyway, don’t drain the swamps!
30K notes · View notes
sticksandsharks · 1 year
Tumblr media
Tasyi from the Wildercourt, a GN I’m working on.
7K notes · View notes
snailfish-enthusiast · 4 months
The strange world of brine pools.
Tumblr media
Deep under the sea, there are pools of water, separate from the rest of the ocean. Created when water seeps down through the ocean floor, mixing with long buried salt deposits, resulting in these highly saline pools.
Tumblr media Tumblr media
The brine itself is uninhabitable for the vast majority of creatures. The lack of oxygen and extremely high salt content quickly sends just about any creature that enters them into toxic shock.
Still, these pools are oases of life on the sparsely populated abyssal plane. The mineral-rich water provides much-needed nutrients to life surrounding these toxic waters.
Tumblr media
458 notes · View notes
If you want to support our rivers and ecosystems- no not disturb the terrain!!
Tumblr media Tumblr media Tumblr media
[Image description:
Facebook post by page Pisgah River Rangers that reads:
"The most important message the River Rangers try to spread: DON'T MOVE THE ROCKS. Rocks in and around rivers are important habitats for salamanders, macroinvertebrates, fish and more! In addition, when you move these rocks, you can change the flow of a stream an increase sedimentation, which may change what can survive there. This summer, we took apart more than 300 rock structures! Please refrain from moving the rocks and leave the cairns for trail markers out west!"
The second image shows one of the rangers standing next to a pile of rocks assembled into a slender pyramid shape
The third image shows a hell bender ( a very large species of) salamander under the water with a large tower of rocks stacked up in the background of the image. End description. ]
Hellbender photograph by David Herasimtschuk
7K notes · View notes
Tumblr media
So there's an Instagram account called Stop the Spray that dedicates itself to putting out info about the use of glyphosate (aka Round-up) as a widespread pesticide, which foresting companies spray in the rare temperate rainforests of BC to kill any plants they deem 'unprofitable', destroying the biodiversity and ecosystem as well as literally poisoning the people, animals and plants (as round-up is considered a carcinogen).
There's currently a petition to the parliament to consider banning the use of round-up. It has until January 13th to get signed, so if you're canadian, please consider signing and sharing! If not, please reblog this post so others can learn + see + sign!
Sign the petition to end Glyphosate Use in 'Canada'
303 notes · View notes
Tumblr media
5K notes · View notes
mediabee · 3 months
Tumblr media
296 notes · View notes
lake-lady · 1 month
Tumblr media
152 notes · View notes
tea-and-eh · 7 months
Punk isn't smashing guitars or sewing patches.
Punk is opening your house to the homeless. Punk is feeding striking miners. Punk is letting your lawn go to clover bc an unruly environment is a healthy one. Punk is learning ASL, Spanish, Arabic for your neighbour. Punk is violence towards the rich and powerful and power towards the poor and violent.
Punk never dies.
Don't let these upstart sellouts with Hollywood teeth that daddy paid for fool you.
427 notes · View notes
toadstoolgardens · 5 months
🌿Inviting Birds Into Your Garden🐦
Birds are essential to a healthy ecosystem, but not everyone takes kindly to them in their gardens. Birds love to eat berries, peck holes in fruits, and scratch up seedlings, but in the permaculture garden we strive to partner with nature to meet the needs of wildlife AND ourselves. Growing food for ourselves at the expense of wildlife has resulted, in part, in the current global food system that doesn't value the humans involved or the ecosystem.
"By attracting birds, small animals, and insects to our yards, we not only increase biodiversity but make our gardens more balanced, disease free, and productive as well." -Toby Hemenway, Gaia's Garden: A Guide to Small-Scale Permaculture
Benefits of a Bird-Friendly Garden
Birds are beautiful! Watching them enjoy your gardens and learning bird language is rewarding and entertaining
Birds keep insect problems in check
Birds loosen the soil as they forage and scratch
Birds provide natural fertilizer
The Combination that Works
"Creating a garden that your winged friends want to call home is easy. You'll need to provide food, water, and shelter. Any of these elements will bring birds to your garden for a visit. But providing all three will make them more inclined to take up residence." -Kris Bordessa, Attainable Sustainable: The Lost Art of Self-Reliant Living
Keep in mind that birds have different needs! Not all birds eat the same things and their nesting habits vary. So the real key is diversity! Plant a variety of plant types, textures, heights, and seasons of value.
Birds have a varied diet of fruit/berries, insects, and nuts/seeds. Some have more specific diets than others. Some forage for food on the ground and some hunt above ground.
Year-Round Bird Food Sources
Evergreen trees - Provide shelter, protection, and sap for food
Flowers, tall grasses, and herbs - Provide cover for ground feeders, seeds, nectar, and insects to forage
Fruits (late spring through summer) - Blueberries, brambles like blackberries or raspberries, cherries, elderberries, mulberries, serviceberries, and wild plum. Birds LOVE mulberries especially and having them available will help deter birds from your other crops
Fruits (fall) - Aronia berries, dogwood, sea buckthorn, buffaloberry. In fall birds need to build up fat reserves to survive winter, give them a fall buffet!
Fruits (winter) - These are fruits that cling to branches over winter. Crabapple, hardy kiwi, hawthorn, highbush cranberry, medlar, sumac
Nectar-producing plants for hummingbirds - Bee balm, lupine, sage, maple trees, black locust trees
Nuts - Butternut, chestnut, hazelnut, pickory, piñon, walnut. Offer protection, good nesting sites, and insects to forage
Choose plants native to your area!
2. Water
Birds love natural moving water like streams or ponds. Replicate this with a 2 inch deep bird bath with a fountain! Place your bird bath near a shrub so they have perches and an escape route nearby.
3. Shelter & Protection
Birds need shelter from the elements and protection from predators along with their food and water sources.
Tall grass, dense shrubs, tree canopy, and thorny plants act as a save haven. Birds also nest at different heights, so offer a variety of trees and shrubs for them to settle in.
More plant ideas that provide nesting sites, shelter, and protection:
Goji berry
"Without animals, nature just limps along." -Toby Hemenway
384 notes · View notes
entheognosis · 3 months
Tumblr media
174 notes · View notes
lionfloss · 11 months
Tumblr media Tumblr media
"The Neukom Vivarium by Mark Dion is a hybrid work of sculpture, architecture, environmental education, and horticulture. This 60-foot-long nurse log, with its ongoing cycles of decay and renewal, represents the complex processes of a natural ecosystem."
761 notes · View notes
reasonsforhope · 25 days
"After teetering on the edge of extinction almost 50 years ago, the wood stork is now widespread across the southeastern US, and is preparing a flight off the Endangered Species List (ESL).
It’s all in a day’s work for the ESL, the world’s most successful conservation program in history, and the only stork native to North America is just the most recent beneficiary.
The wood stork faced extinction when listed in 1984 under the Endangered Species Act. The population had decreased from 20,000 nesting pairs to less than 5,000 pairs, primarily nesting in south Florida’s Everglades and Big Cypress ecosystems.
The recovery program worked to restore and protect the ecosystems which the four-and-a-half-foot-tall bird calls home.
Today, the wood stork breeding population has doubled to 10,000 or more nesting pairs and increased its range, including the coastal plains of Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas. These long-legged wading birds more than tripled their number of nesting colonies from 29 to 99 in their expanded range.
US Fish and Wildlife explained they’ve adapted to new nesting areas, moving north into coastal salt marshes, old, flooded rice fields, floodplain forest wetlands, and human-created wetlands.
The Fish and Wildlife Service will take comments on the proposal through April 17th, and even if it is delisted, it would remain a protected species under other legislation such as the Migratory Bird treaty...
“The wood stork is recovering as a result of protecting its habitat at a large scale,” said Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks Shannon Estenoz. “This iconic species has rebounded because dedicated partners in the Southeast have worked tirelessly to restore ecosystems, such as the Everglades, that support it.”"
-via Good News Network, 2/20/23
121 notes · View notes